A. the execution of Charles I and restoration of Parliamentary democracy in the English Commonwealth
B. the return of Charles II to England from exile in France and his coronation as the English monarch
C. the crowning of the protestant William III and his wife, Mary II, as joint rulers of England
D. the brief reinstatement of Charles I on the throne after a temporary victory over Oliver Cromwell’s army
Answer B: The event in English history called Restoration featured Charles II's return to England in 1660, following his exile in France. It further entailed his subsequent coronation to the English Monarch after Oliver Cromwell's Commonwealth. Besides, Restoration meant that Bishops would be restored to Parliament, which created strict Anglican orthodoxy different from the republican government that was earlier adopted.
It was the return of Charles II to England from exile in France and his coronation as the English monarch. The event is called restoration meaning restoration of the monarchy after the Interregnum. In 1651, Charles II had escaped from England after being defeated by Oliver Cromwell in a battle. He later returned to the country after Cromwell died and he was crowned King in 1660.
Option B is the correct answer. Charles II ran away from England in 1651 after Oliver Cromwell beat him in a battle. Later, he returned and was crowned as a king in 1660 after the death of Cromwell. Therefore, Charles II's event coming back to England and his inauguration is referred to as the restoration.
Which of the following describes what came to be known as the “Lost Generation” in British history?