Progressive Era through the Great Depression Essay

Introduction

At the end of 19th century several industries in the United States had developed to huge sizes, dominating rich economy. This growth caused the government to implement fresh and “progressive” strategies of regulatory interventions and antitrust rules. Further for regulating commercial activity, Progressives, through alliances of intellects, top politicians, and activists, saw to it that government as well instigated the method of regulating the extraction of natural resources through administrative action. Progressives as well protected the right of women to vote and broke the state legislatures’ power on the national democratic procedure by authorizing the direct election of U.S. senators (Anderson, 2006).

Identify at least (2) two major historical turning points in the period under discussion.

Two major historical turning points in the period progressive era through great depression were Progressivism and Restructurings in Political and Social Fields.

Analyze the impact of the two (2) or more major historical turning points selected on America’s current society, economy, politics, and culture.

Restructurings in Political and Social Fields

The nation struggled with difficulties because of industrialization and development, in the period of Progressive Era (1900–1920). City and middle-class reform crusade reinforced the administration having a superior role in managing such matters as the control of large trade and the well-being of the community. Several of its attainments were created on struggles of previous restructuring activities. For instance, the federal income tax policy and the direct election of senators were a part of the Mainstream package, and Ban on liquor production and its use. The program had received support from both Democrats and Republicans.

Progressivism

Theodore Roosevelt became US President in 1901 even though he was the youngest one to hold the Presidential office. He had substantial political knowledge and served in various high level offices. During his administration from 1901 to 1909, 44 antitrust activities were filed counter to the nation's major companies, comprising the Northern Securities Company. However, the principle of the president's approach was that he noted among ‘good’ and ‘bad’ trusts and sturdily chosen to control companies for the wellbeing of people rather than causing damage them. The procedure of rebating was removed through the ‘Elkins Act’ (1903), and the ‘Hepburn Act’ (1906) permitted the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to set maximum railroad charges.

Americans expressed the fear that meat infected or covered in rat stools was treated and sold to the public. Senate responded to the disclosures by passing the ‘Pure Food and Drug Act’ (1906) that banned the production, sale, or carriage of food or drugs in interstate trade that had been infected. President Roosevelt vigorously endorsed the preservation of the nation's natural resources. Roosevelt’s government set aside millions of acres for national forest lands; coal and oil assets in addition to hydroelectric power sites were positioned in the public territory; and the national park scheme was improvised. After Wilson became the President, the ‘Underwood-Simmons Tariff (1913)’ was the first law to considerably reduce tariff rates in 50 years, and the free list of goods. To recover the revenue loss, the law comprised a facility for executing the federal income tax provided in Sixteenth Amendment.

A study established that the nation's credit and money strategies were mainly regulated by a few of eastern banks. The government's reaction to this finding was the formation of the ‘Federal Reserve System’. Under this Act (1913), Federal Reserve banks were set up in 12 areas through the United States. The Federal Reserve Board, chosen by the president, supervised the organization and the rate of interest rates charged on loans to its member banks, may well really influence the economy. Lesser interest rates are likely to to encourage trade by creation of extra money accessible for growth, however, higher rates assisted control

The American economy's remarkable progress occurred in 1920s due to the automobile business. The cars production were tripled during this period (1920-1929) simultaneously encouraging the manufacture of steel, rubber, plate glass, and other materials. Mass production made use of standardized parts and separation of labor on an assembly line to make cars fast and capably. The improvised production method had a histrionic influence on price of and car price came down drastically (Wiley & Sons, 2012).

Speculate as to why women earned the right to vote in the frontier states of the West before eastern and southern states.

Right to vote

The 19th amendment to the constitution says that the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or curtailed by the United States or by any States on Account of sex. The western states where women won the vote early, women habitually had extra triumph running for office than in the rest of the country. Few opine that the involvement of rising up in the West may have socialized women to partake in politics than women in rest of the regions. Paula Petrik's research of women in Helena, Montana, discloses that the group of women born in the West frontline mothers was free, more likely to labor outdoor, and more expected to shoulder leadership in the public than eastern womenfolk (Osselaer, 2009).

Describe at least two (2) pieces of legislation in the Roosevelt–Taft–Wilson progressive era years that have influenced the conduct of business to this day and what that influence has been.

Legislation of Roosevelt–Taft–Wilson in progressive era

The principle of the president Theodore Roosevelt method was that he noticed between ‘good’ and ‘bad’ trusts and firmly chosen to control companies for the wellbeing of people rather than causing damage to them. The procedure of rebating was removed through the ‘Elkins Act’ (1903), and the ‘Hepburn Act’ (1906) permitted the Interstate Commerce progressive era Commission (ICC) to set maximum railroad charges (Wiley & Sons, 2012).

Explain the role that the Spanish American War played in America’s development of an Empire

Spanish American War

Widespread demand for U.S. involvement became a firm retort after the sinking in Havana harbor of the warship USS Maine, which was to safeguard U.S. citizens and assets during anti-Spanish rioting in Havana. U.S. Congress passed a resolution that professed Cuba’s right to freedom, commanded the removal of Spain’s armed forces from the Cuba. Spain pronounced war on the United States on April 24, U.S. pronounced of war on the 25th. The war was pitifully one-sided, as Spain was not well prepared for a distant war with the tough power of the United States.

The Treaty of Paris (signed Dec. 10, 1898) ended the war, Spain surrendered all claim to Cuba, submitted Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and conveyed power over the Philippines to the United States. The Spanish-American War was a vital defining moment for both rivals. Spain’s rout finally turned the country’s attention away from its foreign colonial quests and focused on its national desires that led to both a social and a literary resurgence and the desired financial growth in Spain. On the other hand United States arose from the war a world power with foreign properties and a fresh stake in global policies that would decide role in the matters of Europe (Spanish American War, 2012).

Explain at least two (2) ways in which the boom and bust of the Roaring Twenties followed by the Great Depression affected the federal government’s involvement in the national economy.

The great depression and government’s involvement

The stock market collapsed in October 1929. However, politicians and traders continued their positive expectations for the country's economy. Nonetheless the depression expanded, and several lost their lifetime investments. Business discontinued, industrial unit shut down and banks had no business. Farm revenue fell by 50 percent and unemployment increased. The main cause was the huge difference among the nation's production of goods and the purchasing power. The advances in productive skills through and after the war elevated the production of industry afar the buying ability of U.S. farmers and employees.

President Franklin Roosevelt gave assurance and hopefulness through new program, recognized as the New Deal. However, the difference about the New Deal was the swiftness with which it executed while earlier had taken too much time. Actually several of the reforms were hurriedly drawn and feebly managed. In the New Deal era, public criticism and debate were encouraged. The New Deal carried to the individual resident a sharp resumption of attention in government. The nation's banks were first closed during Roosevelt’s time and allowed to reopen only if they were solvent. The government assumed a strategy of reasonable money rise to start an ascending drive in product prices and to give assistance to borrowers. Severe guidelines were enacted on the trade of securities on the stock exchange

The American economy's remarkable progress occurred in 1920s due to the automobile business. The cars production were tripled during this period (1920-1929) simultaneously encouraging the manufacture of steel, rubber, plate glass, and other materials. Mass production made use of standardized parts and separation of labor on an assembly line to make cars fast and capably. The improvised production method had a histrionic influence on price of and car price came down drastically (Wiley & Sons, 2012).

Conclusion

In this essay various points were discussed through progressive era to the great depression. Briefly discussed about the Spanish American War and what was the cause and the outcome of war. Further it was explained restructurings in political and social fields in the period 1900 to 1920 and women suffrage for voting right and the constitutional approval for women voting right. The great depression and Roosevelt’s New deal to overcome the problem was also discussed.

References

Anderson,W.L.(2006). The Progressive Era, Part 1:The Myth and the Reality, Freedom Daily Available at: http://www.fff.org/fr eedom/fd0602d.pdf Accessed on May 02, 2012.

Osselaer, H. J. (2009). Arizona Women in Politics, 1883-1950 Winning Their Place. Available at: http://www.amazon.com/Winning-Their-Place-Politics-1883-1950/dp/0816527334 Accessed on May 02, 2012.

Spanish American War (2012). Spanish-American War. EncyclopĂŚdia Britannica. EncyclopĂŚdia Britannica Available at: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/558008/Spanish-American-War Accessed on May 02, 2012.

Wiley, J. & Sons, (2012). Political and Social Reforms, Cliffs Notes Available at:

http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Political-and-Social-Reforms.topicArticleId-25238,articleId-25192.html Accessed on May 02, 2012.

Related Essays
Find Free Essays
We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Popular Topics

Cite this page

Progressive Era through the Great Depression. (January 16, 2021).
Retrieved from /essay-samples/progressive-era-through-the-great-depression-3